The Design Process

Design Process Progression


A. Site Assessment Table   -((Workbook (See extended list))

  1. Climate Data and Charts
  2. Weather History and Extremes
  3. Growing Zones, Season Length, Frost Dates…
  4. Existing Tree List and Other Foliage
  5. Landform Elements (Wetlands, Forests, Streams…)

B. Project Set-up

  1. Open new project folder with empty source folders
  2. Copy all e-mails to this folder
  3. Place all site and assessment data and files inappropriate folders.
  4. Copy over new AI file templates.

C. Develop Base Map and Locate Resources and Elements

A-Plat map/survey

  1. Measurements
    1. Positions
    2. Utilities
    3. Property line
    4. Easements
    5. Access
  1. -Construction plans
    1. Buildings
    2. Engineered Structures
    3. Aerial image
    4. From County GIS
    5. From Google Earth (Tiled)
    6. From Google Maps (Tiled)
    7. From NearMap if avail.

D. -Soil maps (USDA, Site Country)

  1. Soil Types
  2. Soil pH
  3. Soil OM
  4. Percent Sand, Silt, Clay
  5. Productivity Rating
  6. Water Holding Capacity
  7. Suitability for anticipated Roads & Development

E. – Topography: 10’& 2’contour lines (LiDar GIS)

  1. Vector File
  2. Existing Vegetation, Canopy
  3. Hardscapes,
  4. Buildings, Platforms, Sheds
  5. Faucets, Vents, Fixtures, Outlets
  6. Utility Lines, Meters, Equip.
  7. Roof Line, Gutters, Down Spouts
  8. Measurements as Available
  9. Sector Map (See sample Template
  10. Access Points, Roads, Paths
  11. Easements, Drainage, Culverts
  12. Scale Bar /Title Block/North Arrow
  1. Visual Aerial Assessment:
    1. Annotate basemap showing exiting uses on the property
    2. code assets and features,
      1. condition of land patches, buildings, comments, and water features.
    3. strategy in use
    4. color code issues (off contour, erosion, aggregate, soil types, etc.)
  1. Bubble and Concept Map
  1. -Functional Spaces List (Workbook)
    1. -Space/Use, Size, Zone
  • -Needs And Products
  1. -Bubble Map Items
    1. -Permaculture Zones
    2. -Functional Spaces
    3. -Access/Screens/Borders
    4. -Water System/Flow
    5. -Nutrient Cycling
      1. Grey Water
      2. Black Water
      3. Organic Matter
      4. Re-Used Materials
  1. Plant Systems
    1. -Create plant list and break into groups (by size, type, functions, etc.)
    2. Create groups (2 types with Alpha and Beta Diversity[1])
    3. Inclusive polyculture symbols (e.g. apple polyculture)
    4. Perennial symbol groups separate from trees and shrubs (e.g. nitrogen fixing)
    5. Plant functional groups (forage, insectory)
  2. First Draft

-Make plant group symbols
Place trees and then add polyculture plants to the tree or shrubs.
Use these groupings as callouts in the design margins for magnified version.
-Break symbol link and rearrange to fit, if needed.
-Storage and staging areas

  1. Final Draf

-Calculations of materials and spaces.
-Key/symbol guide
-Irrigation plan
-Final plant ID list
Master Concept Plan and Narrative (description of each element of the design)

[1] Alpha diversity is the variety of plant species in the landscape. Beta diversity is the differing species between similar groups of plants. i.e., Multiple apple polycultures do not have all the same supporting species, but different species supplying the same services. (Ref. T. Beck, Principles of Ecological Landscape Design, 2013)